Carol D. Leonnig and Joe Stephens
Sanjay Wagle was a venture capitalist and Barack Obama fundraiser in 2008, rallying support through a group he headed known as Clean Tech for Obama.
Shortly after Obamaâ€™s election, he left his California firm to join the Energy Department, just as the administration embarked on a massive program to stimulate the economy with federal investments in clean-technology firms.
Following an enduring Washington tradition, Wagle shifted from the private sector, where his firm hoped to profit from federal investments, to an insiderâ€™s seat in the administrationâ€™s $80 billion clean-energy investment program.
He was one of several players in venture capital, which was providing financial backing to start-up clean-tech companies, who moved into the Energy Department at a time when the agency was seeking outside expertise in the field. At the same time, their industry had a huge stake in decisions about which companies would receive government loans, grants and support.
During the next three years, the department provided $2.4 billion in public funding to clean-energy companies in which Wagleâ€™s former firm, Vantage Point Venture Partners, had invested, a Washington Post analysis found. Overall, the Post found that $3.9 billion in federal grants and financing flowed to 21 companies backed by firms with connections to five Obama administration staffers and advisers.
Obamaâ€™s program to invest federal funds in start-up companies â€” and the failure of some of those companies â€” is becoming a rallying cry for opponents in the presidential race. Mitt Romney has promised to focus on Obamaâ€™s â€œrecordâ€ as a â€œventure capitalist.â€ And in ads and speeches, conservative groups and the Republican candidates are zeroing in on the administrationâ€™s decision to extend $535 million to the now-shuttered solar firm Solyndra and billions of dollars more to clean-tech start-ups backed by the presidentâ€™s political allies.
White House officials stress that staffers and advisers with venture capital ties did not make funding decisions related to these companies. But e-mails released in a congressional probe of Obamaâ€™s clean-tech program show that staff and advisers with links to venture firms informally advocated for some of those companies.
David Gold, a venture capitalist and critic of Obamaâ€™s investments in clean tech, said that even if staffers had been removed from the final decision-making, they had the kind of inside access to exert subtle influence.
â€œTo believe those quiet conversations donâ€™t happen in the hallways â€” about a project being in a certain congressmanâ€™s district or being associated with a significant presidential donor, is naive,â€ said Gold, who once worked at the Office of Management and Budget. â€œWhen youâ€™re putting this kind of pressure on an organization to make decisions on very big dollars, thereâ€™s increased likelihood that political connections will influence things.â€
Energy Department spokesman Damien LaVera said the companies won awards based on merit, not political connections. He said the staffers and advisory board members reviewed by the Post had no role in funding decisions, nor did they have any personal financial stake in the companies. One of those administration advisers had first been appointed to his position by the Bush administration, LaVera said.